Sunday, May 21, 2017

Single Mosquito Bite Is Enough To Transmit Multiple Viruses - Study





Mosquito, Mosquito disease, chikungunya, dengue, Zika virus, DEET


Mosquitoes are annoying and their bite will give you an itchy pink or reddish skin bumps. They can also cause serious public health issue like the mosquito-borne Zika outbreak that spread all over the world last year. Not only that according to a recent study published in the Nature Communications journal reports that mosquitoes might be even more adept at spreading disease than previously thought. The research was aiming to find out if the infamous Aedes aegypti mosquito may be able to spread multiple diseases at once. Aedes aegypti mosquito, also called the cockroach of mosquitoes, is known to be among the primary way diseases like chikungunya, dengue and Zika virus spread.

Researchers from Colorado State University exposed hundreds of mosquitoes to either chikungunya, Zika or dengue and different combinations of the three. They also exposed 48 mosquitoes to the three viruses namely chikungunya, Zika and dengue so that they can analyze if one or all three of the diseases could appear in the saliva, which could then potentially infect a person.

The researchers examined the saliva, gut and legs of the insects for signs of viral infection. They found that 92% of the mosquitoes tested positive for all three viruses. Of the 48 just one remained uninfected.  

They found that 6 saliva samples from the mosquito tested positive for all three viruses 14 days after the insects were exposed. Another two saliva samples tested positive 21 days after exposure.

Even if not all the insects had the virus in the saliva, the researchers said that the virus' presence in the saliva happens only after the infection has traveled through the body. As a result, the other mosquitoes that tested positive may still have been able to transmit the disease in the future even if the virus was not found in the saliva.

 "Based on what I know as a virologist, epidemiologist and entomologist, I thought that the viruses would either compete or enhance each other in some way," Greg Ebel, director of the Arthropod-borne and Infectious Diseases Laboratory and co-author of the study, said in a statement today. "On the one hand, all of these viruses have mechanisms to suppress mosquito immunity, which could lead to synergy. On the other hand, they all likely require similar resources within infected cells, which could lead to competition."

But Ebel said, "we didn't see much evidence of either one of these things in mosquitoes that were infected in the lab by multiple viruses."

According to CDC the only way to protect yourself and your children from mosquito-born illness is to prevent the bite by using insect repellent. The CDC recommends using EPA-registered insect repellents that include at least 20% DEET. Though products with higher DEET concentration does provide longer protection, this peaks around 50% DEET.



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Wednesday, May 10, 2017

Common Painkillers May Cause "Heart attack risk"

http://amzn.to/2pyi6df


According to the new study, there may be a link between taking high doses of common anti-inflammatory painkillers like ibuprofen and heart attacks. Over-the-counter common painkillers known as NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) like ibuprofen are sold under brand names that includes Motrin or Advil, these are used to treat minor pains and aches, it also reduce fever.

People who take these medicine have a higher risk of heart attack or stroke, according to National Institutes of Health. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a682159.html
The likelihood of experiencing a heart attack was calculated to increase by an average of 20% to 50%, compared with someone not taking the drugs, regardless of the dosage and amount of time  they are taken.

The findings are observational and based on an association, however, with the drugs not proved to be a a direct cause of heart attack.

This group of drugs includes ibuprofen, diclofenac, celecoxib and naproxen, which are available over the counter or by prescription for higher doses, to relieve pain or fever resulting from a range of causes that may include flu, headaches, back pain and menstrual cramps. Their range of uses also means they are often taken as needed, for short periods of time.

The level of risk increased as early as one week into the use of any drug in this category and at any dose, and the risk associated with taking higher doses was greatest within the first month. The overall findings suggest that people who take any dosage of these drugs for one week, one month or longer was linked to an increased risk of a heart attack. The risk appeared to decline when these painkillers were no longer taken, with a slight decline one to 30 days after use and a greater decline, falling below 11%, between 30 days and one year after use.

"We found that all common NSAIDs shared a heightened risk of heart attack," said Dr. Michèle Bally, an epidemiologist at the University of Montreal Hospital Research Center, who led the research. "There is a perception that naproxen has the lowest cardiovascular risk (among the NSAIDs), but that's not true."

Cardiovascular diseases are the No. 1 cause of death globally, according to the World Health Organization, with 80% of all deaths in this category due to heart attacks and strokes. Each year, it's estimated that 735,000 people in the United States have a heart attack. In the United Kingdom, more than 200,000 hospital visits each year are due to a heart attack.


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Friday, April 21, 2017

Diet Soday May Cause Stroke and Dementia


 Diet soda, diet coke, diet pepsi

Diet soda, diet coke, diet pepsi


According to a new study consuming diet sodas may result to higher risk of stroke and dementia. Drinks with artificial sweeteners like diet sodas are linked to higher risk of stroke and dementia according to the study, which published in the American Heart Association's journal Stroke on Thursday.

However, the researchers failed to determine an actual cause-and-effect relationship between consuming artificially sweetened drinks and an increased risk for stroke and dementia. Therefore, some experts caution that the findings should be interpreted carefully.

No connection was found between those health risks and other sugary beverages, such as sugar-sweetened sodas, fruit juice and fruit drinks.

"We have little data on the health effects of diet drinks and this is problematic because diet drinks are popular amongst the general population," said Matthew Pase, a senior research fellow in the department of neurology at Boston University School of Medicine and lead author of the new study.
"More research is needed to study the health effects of diet drinks so that consumers can make informed choices concerning their health," he said.

The new study involved data on 2,888 adults older than 45 and 1,484 adults older than 60 from the town of Framingham, Massachusetts. The data came from the Framingham Heart Study, a project of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and Boston University.

The American Beverage Association was quick to defend diet drinks.

“Low-calorie sweeteners have been proven safe by worldwide government safety authorities as well as hundreds of scientific studies and there is nothing in this research that counters this well-established fact,” it said in a statement. It added:

    While we respect the mission of these organizations to help prevent conditions like stroke and dementia, the authors of this study acknowledge that their conclusions do not — and cannot — prove cause and effect.






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Thursday, April 6, 2017

Pineapple Water Detoxify, Diet, and Reduce Swelling and Pain



Pineapple Water, diet, health

I learned about pineapple water when I visit Hawaii at the lobby of a hotel they give complementary drink to help re-hydrate the guests after they spent too much time on the beach. It's more refreshing than plain water since the fruit adds some subtle sweet taste to the water.

What's great about it is it's not only refreshing but it also helps your body to remove harmful toxins, it also reduces swelling and pain in your joins and it boost your immune system. Pineapples are sweet and very delicious, it has a lot of health benefits too. It is very effective against bloating, water retention, and ugly cellulite. The potassium in it eliminates the excess water in your body. The iron supply your body red blood cells that transport oxygen throughout your whole body.

In a 100-gram serving, raw pineapple is an excellent source of manganese (44% Daily Value [DV]) and vitamin C. Pineapples can help reduce the risk of macular degeneration, a disease that affects the eyes as people age, due in part to its high amount of vitamin C and the antioxidants it contains. Pineapple contains dietary fiber, which is essential in keeping your intestines healthy. It also contains enzyme called bromelain which helps you improve your digestion and fight against inflammatory processes of the organism. The enzyme also fasten your metabolism that leads to weight loss. A 100-gram serving of pineapple is just 40 calories.

Health benefits of Pineapple:

1. Anti-inflammatory
2. Helps you lose weight
3. Eliminates intestinal parasites
4. Improves thyroid function
5. Balances electrolyte levels
6. Eliminates toxins and heavy metals from your body
7. Improves digestion
8. Keeps your gums and teeth healthy
9. Improves vision
10. Prevents cancer
11. Strengthen your bones

Here's a Pineapple-Mint-Ginger Water Recipe from Foodnetwork:


Place 4 cups thinly sliced pineapple (about 1 1/4 pounds), 5 sprigs mint (lightly crushed) and 8 round slices ginger (smashed) in a pitcher. For still infused water, add 2 quarts of water. For sparkling water, add 1 quart of seltzer during prep and a second quart just before serving. Refrigerate 2 to 4 hours to allow the ingredients to infuse. Stir well and strain, discarding the solids. For serving, add fresh pineapple, mint and ginger for garnish and plenty of ice. The infused water will keep refrigerated for up to 2 days.

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Thursday, March 23, 2017

Jackson, MS is the Fattest city in America

fattest cities, fat city, obese,

Congratulations to Jackson, Mississippi for bagging the title of the fattest city in America according to WalletHub's List Of Most Obese Cities in 2017. They compared 100 of the most populated U.S. metro areas across 17 key indicators of weight-related problems. Based on their studies, Jackson is the top city in the nation for diabetes. It took second place spots for the percentage of physically inactive adults and the percentage of adults eating fewer than one serving of fruit or vegetables a day. The city also is the 4th for percentage of adults with high blood pressure, 7th for the percentage of obese adults and two 10th place spots for adults with high cholesterol and access to healthy food. Memphis comes in 2nd.

The San Francisco metro area has the lowest share of obese adults, 17.9% while the San Jose, California, metro area has the lowest share of physically inactive adults, 16.1%, the study shows.


2017's Top 10 Fattest Cities Include:

1. Jackson, MS
2. Memphis, TN-MS-AR
3. Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR
4. McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX
5. Shreveport-Bossier City, LA
6. Chattanooga, TN-GA
7. Mobile, AL
8. Lafayette, LA
9. Winston-Salem, NC
10. Knoxville, TN

For the full list, visit WalletHub here.



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Thursday, March 9, 2017

Eat More Nuts, Less Bacon and Soda

healthy eating, food, healthy food, healthy diet


According to a recent study, people are consuming more bacon and soda and less nuts that leads to deaths from heart disease, strokes and diabetes. Overeating bad food and not eating enough healthy food contributes to nearly half of U.S. deaths from these causes, the study suggests.

The healthy food that are not being eaten are nuts and seeds, seafood rich in omega-3 fats including salmon and sardines; fruits and vegetables; and whole grains. While un-healthy food that are being over-eaten are salty foods; processed meats including bacon, bologna and hot dogs; red meat including steaks and hamburgers; sodas and other drinks with lots of sugar.

The study is based on  U.S. government data that shows about 700,000 deaths in 2012 from heart disease, strokes and diabetes and on an analysis of national health surveys that asked participants about their eating habits. Most didn't eat the recommended amounts of the foods studied.

Here's a guidelines for a healthy diet:

Healthy ingredients

—Fruits: 3 average-sized fruits daily
—Vegetables: 2 cups cooked or 4 cups raw vegetables daily
—Nuts/seeds: 5 1-ounce servings per week — about 20 nuts per serving
—Whole grains: 2 ½ daily servings
—Polyunsaturated fats, found in many vegetable oils: 11 percent of daily calories
—Seafood: about 8 ounces weekly

Un-healthy ingredients

—Red meat: 1 serving weekly — 1 medium steak or the equivalent
—Processed meat: None recommended
—Sugary drinks: None recommended
—Salt: 2,000 milligrams daily — just under a teaspoon.


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Wednesday, February 22, 2017

EU Reports "Alarming" Rate of Deaths Caused by Superbugs

  antibiotics antimicrobials superbugs antibiotic overuse antibiotic resistance

According to a report from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) there are over 25,000 death in the EU annually that is caused by superbugs. Superbugs is caused by  by the misuse and overuse of antibiotics.

There are high levels of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria from humans, animals, and food across Europe, highlighted by "extremely high" multidrug resistance in a type of Salmonella that causes illness in humans.

The summary report is based on data on antimicrobial resistance in zoonotic and indicator bacteria submitted by 28 European Union (EU) member states in 2015 and jointly analyzed by scientists from the ECDC and the EFSA. It provides an overview of resistance in Salmonella isolates from humans, food-producing animals (pigs and calves), and their meat; Campylobacter isolates from humans and pigs; and Escherichia coli isolates from pigs, calves, and their meat. Data on the incidence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in pigs, calves, and their meat are also included.

The report shows that there were high levels of drug resistance in bacteria like salmonella and E. coli, and that some bacteria have begun to show resistance a type of antibiotics that are often the last treatment option for patients that are infected with superbugs.

The EFSA recommends three key ways to stop the spread of superbugs:
  1.     reducing the use of antimicrobials,
  2.     finding ways to replace the drugs with alternative treatments,
  3.     and rethinking the livestock production system. 

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